Previous Saying ~ Next Saying
Coptic Thomas 19
Jesus says: "Blessed is he who was, before he came into being. If you become disciples of mine (and) listen to my words, these stones will serve you. For you have five trees in Paradise that do not change during summer (and) winter, and their leaves do not fall. Whoever comes to know them will not taste death." © Patterson-Robinson
Jesus Seminar Parallels & Synoptic Rainbow
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Jesus says: "Blessed is he who was, before he came into being. If you become disciples of mine (and) listen to my words, these stones will serve you. For you have five trees in Paradise that do not change during summer (and) winter, and their leaves do not fall. Whoever comes to know them will not taste death."
Other New Testament Parallels

Luke 3:8
8Produce fruit in keeping with repentance. And do not begin to say to yourselves, 'We have Abraham as our father.' For I tell you that out of these stones God can raise up children for Abraham.

Luke 4:3
3The devil said to him, "If you are the Son of God, tell this stone to become bread."

Luke 19:40
40"I tell you," he replied, "if they keep quiet, the stones will cry out."

Matthew 3:9

9And do not think you can say to yourselves, 'We have Abraham as our father.' I tell you that out of these stones God can raise up children for Abraham.


Matthew 3:3
3This is he who was spoken of through the prophet Isaiah: "A voice of one calling in the desert, 'Prepare the way for the Lord, make straight paths for him.' "


Matthew 7:9
9"Which of you, if his son asks for bread, will give him a stone?


Matthew 4:3
3The tempter came to him and said, "If you are the Son of God, tell these stones to become bread."


John 1:1-2
1In the beginning was the Word, and the Word was with God, and the Word was God. 2He was with God in the beginning.

John 1:15
15John testifies concerning him. He cries out, saying, "This was he of whom I said, 'He who comes after me has surpassed me because he was before me.' "

John 8:48-58
48The Jews answered him, "Aren't we right in saying that you are a Samaritan and demon-possessed?" 49"I am not possessed by a demon," said Jesus, "but I honor my Father and you dishonor me. 50I am not seeking glory for myself; but there is one who seeks it, and he is the judge. 51I tell you the truth, if anyone keeps my word, he will never see death." 52At this the Jews exclaimed, "Now we know that you are demon-possessed! Abraham died and so did the prophets, yet you say that if anyone keeps your word, he will never taste death. 53Are you greater than our father Abraham? He died, and so did the prophets. Who do you think you are?" 54Jesus replied, "If I glorify myself, my glory means nothing. My Father, whom you claim as your God, is the one who glorifies me. 55Though you do not know him, I know him. If I said I did not, I would be a liar like you, but I do know him and keep his word. 56Your father Abraham rejoiced at the thought of seeing my day; he saw it and was glad." 57"You are not yet fifty years old," the Jews said to him, "and you have seen Abraham!" 58"I tell you the truth," Jesus answered, "before Abraham was born, I am!"

John 15:8
8This is to my Father's glory, that you bear much fruit, showing yourselves to be my disciples.

Revelation 22:2
2down the middle of the great street of the city. On each side of the river stood the tree of life, bearing twelve crops of fruit, yielding its fruit every month. And the leaves of the tree are for the healing of the nations.
Hebrew/Jewish/Samaritan Parallels

Genesis 2:8-10...15-16

8 Now the LORD God had planted a garden in the east, in Eden; and there he put the man he had formed. 9 And the LORD God made all kinds of trees grow out of the ground—trees that were pleasing to the eye and good for food. In the middle of the garden were the tree of life and the tree of the knowledge of good and evil. 10 A river watering the garden flowed from Eden...15 The LORD God took the man and put him in the Garden of Eden to work it and take care of it. 16 And the LORD God commanded the man, "You are free to eat from any tree in the garden;

Psalms 1:3...6

3 He is like a tree planted by streams of water, which yields its fruit in season and whose leaf does not wither. Whatever he does prospers...6 For the LORD watches over the way of the righteous, but the way of the wicked will perish.

Jeremiah 17:7-8
7 "But blessed is the man who trusts in the LORD, whose confidence is in him. 8 He will be like a tree planted by the water that sends out its roots by the stream. It does not fear when heat comes; its leaves are always green. It has no worries in a year of drought and never fails to bear fruit."

Ezekiel 47:12
12 Fruit trees of all kinds will grow on both banks of the river. Their leaves will not wither, nor will their fruit fail. Every month they will bear, because the water from the sanctuary flows to them. Their fruit will serve for food and their leaves for healing."

Odes of Solomon 11:16
And He took me to His Paradise, wherein is the wealth of the Lord's pleasure. I beheld blooming and fruit-bearing trees, And self-grown was their crown. Their branches were sprouting and their fruits were shining. From an immortal land were their roots. And a river of gladness was irrigating them, And round about them in the land of eternal life.

Isaiah 51:1-2
1 "Listen to me, you who pursue righteousness and who seek the LORD : Look to the rock from which you were cut and to the quarry from which you were hewn; 2 look to Abraham, your father, and to Sarah, who gave you birth. When I called him he was but one, and I blessed him and made him many.

Philo, Noah's Work as a Planter IX
We must therefore have recourse to allegory, which is a favourite with men capable of seeing through it; for the sacred oracles most evidently conduct us towards and instigate us to the pursuit of it. For they say that in the Paradise there were plants in no respect similar to those which exist among us; but they speak of trees of life, trees of immortality, trees of knowledge, of comprehension, of understanding; trees of the knowledge of good and evil. (37) Now these cannot have been trees of the land, but must indisputably have been plants of a rational soil, which was a road to travel along, leading to virtue, and having for its end life and immortality; and another road leading to vice, having for its end the loss of life and immortality, that is to say, death. Therefore, we must suppose that the bounteous God plants in the soul, as it were, a paradise of virtues and of the actions in accordance with them, which lead it to perfect happiness
Other Parallels

Homer, The Odyssey 7:114-117...25
Outside the gate of the outer court there is a large garden of about four acres with a wall all round it. It is full of beautiful trees- pears, pomegranates, and the most delicious apples. There are luscious figs also, and olives in full growth. The fruits never rot nor fail all the year round, neither winter nor summer, for the air is so soft that a new crop ripens before the old has dropped.... Two streams go through it, the one turned in ducts throughout the whole garden, while the other is carried under the ground of the outer court to the house itself, and the town's people draw water from it.

Ginza Rba Trees in Paradise Excerpts
In a building which life buildeth,
good trees flourish.
fragrant is the perfume of the trees
with the perfume of manda-d-hiia
which pervadeth them.

Except for six or seven nations,
Fruit is set up on the Tree
On the Tree fruit is set up
And (other) trees gather together toward it.

Toward it do the trees assemble,
And a throne is set up for the Lord of Radiance
For the Lord of Radiance a throne is set up
And the Lord of Radiance sitteth thereon.
-
To what shall they dedicate the wreath upon their heads and upon what shall they
hang it? They dedicate it to the Tree of Radiance and hang it (thereon).
-
and the Vine which is all Life and the great Tree which is all healings
-
the name of the great First Palmtree be pronounced on thee
-
the guardian 'uthras of the jordan will curse him and the Wellspring and
Palmtree will curse him.
-
Thou art the father of all the 'uthras, the Support which is all light, the Vine
which is all Life
and the great Tree which is all things.
-
Praised be that great first Jordan in which the First Life was baptised. Praised
be all jordans of living water: praised be the fruits, grapes and trees which
stand by them.

-
Well is it for him Who hath looked on that Tree! Bihram , who saw it, lived,
shone, was cured and established And his name hath not died.
-
Praised be the First Great Radiance and praised the Great First Light! Praised
be the Wellspring and the great first Palm-Tree Praised be the mystic Tan(n)a
which dwelleth in the great mystic First Wellspring. Praised be the great
S'is'lam who sitteth on the bank of the Wellspring and Palm-tree;
-
and the Vine which is all Life and the great Tree which is all healings.
-
The name of the great mystic Wellspring is pronounced upon thee. The name of
the great mystic First Palmtree is pronounced upon thee.
-
And the strength of Light increased greatly,
Was increased and established.
A wreath they twisted into crowns
(Of) myrtle leaves. And trees bore their burden (fruit)
-
There ... (groweth?) the Tree which nourisheth infants .
-------------------------------
Gospel of Philip 64,10-1
“The Lord said, "Blessed is he who is before he came into being. For he who is, has been and shall be."”

Irenaeus, Proof of the Apostolic Preaching 43
"Fortunate is one who existed before becoming human."

Fragments from the Lost Writings of Irenaeus LII
"And as He was from Abraham, so did He also exist before Abraham."

Pistis Sophia Chapter 1
"...and he had not told them in which places the five trees are spread..."

Lactantius, Divine Institutes 4.8
For we especially testify that He was twice born, first in the spirit, and afterwards in the flesh. Whence it is thus spoken by Jeremiah: “Before I formed You in the womb I knew You.” And likewise by the same: “Who was blessed before He was born;” which was the case with no one else but Christ. For though He was the Son of God from the beginning, He was born again a second time according to the flesh

Manichaean Psalm Book 161:17-29
'For [five] are the trees that are in paradise [. . .] in summer and winter.'

Coptic Thomas 1
These are the hidden words that the living Jesus spoke. And Didymos Judas Thomas wrote them down. And he said: "Whoever finds the meaning of these words will not taste death." © Patterson-Robinson
Greek P.Oxy 654.1-5
These are the [hidden] sayings [that] the living Jesus [sp]oke a[nd Judas who] is also Thomas [recorded.] And he said, "[Whoever finds the interpretat]ion of the[se] sayings will not taste [death]."© Andrew E. Bernhart 2000
Coptic Thomas 85
Jesus says: "Adam came from a great power and a great wealth. But he did not become worthy of you. For if he had been worthy, (then) [he would] not [have tasted] death." © Patterson-Robinson


Commentary

Mandaean Tree

Ezekiel, John the Baptist, and the Five Trees of Paradise

Introduction:
There are ten Gospel of Thomas sayings that have no parallels in the famous "Funk's Parallels". One of them is Thomas 19. The Five Gospels is also dismissive... "Five trees. This saying exhibits two themes familiar from later gnostic works...The fellows voted this cluster black by common consent." Thomas 19 and it's Five Trees is Gnostic like Genesis, Psalms, Jeremiah, Ezekiel, Philo and the historical Jesus are Gnostic. The only thing missing is explicit statement of the number of trees being five in number. That shows up well after Thomas in the third century. But the Mandaean followers of John the Baptist's religion is centered on those trees in paradise from Genesis-Ezekiel, particularly Ezekiel 47:12, which is a dead parallel to the tree part of Thomas 19, except the number five. However, in the Canonical Prayer Book, the Mandaeans mention five trees exactly, (like Philo does), and we can list their names, and even show a picture of them.


Rivers, Trees that Don't Fade, & Immortality in Paradise, From Genesis to Ezekiel

There's an unbroken chain from Genesis 2 to Ezekiel 47:12, to 19:2 of the Gospel of Thomas. Always magical trees, that never fade, by the side of a magical river, that gives immortality/healing. In Genesis it's the Garden of Eden, in Ezekiel, it's become an explicit parable of the Second Temple. True, rivers with trees by the side, with fruit, and it being a good thing, was an important part of the actual ancient world, independent of the Hebrews/Jews/Samaritans, and they wrote about it, such as Homer in the Odyssey. But virtually never with that complete list. That the leaves don't fade, and immortality/healing are implicit in Genesis, but by Psalms, it's explicit.

Genesis 2:8-10...15-16
8 Now the LORD God had planted a garden in the east, in Eden; and there he put the man he had formed. 9 And the LORD God made all kinds of trees grow out of the ground—trees that were pleasing to the eye and good for food. In the middle of the garden were the tree of life and the tree of the knowledge of good and evil. 10 A river watering the garden flowed from Eden...15 The LORD God took the man and put him in the Garden of Eden to work it and take care of it. 16 And the LORD God commanded the man, "You are free to eat from any tree in the garden;

Psalms 1:3...6

3 He is like a tree planted by streams of water, which yields its fruit in season and whose leaf does not wither. Whatever he does prospers...6 For the LORD watches over the way of the righteous, but the way of the wicked will perish.

Jeremiah 17:7-8
7 "But blessed is the man who trusts in the LORD, whose confidence is in him. 8 He will be like a tree planted by the water that sends out its roots by the stream. It does not fear when heat comes; its leaves are always green. It has no worries in a year of drought and never fails to bear fruit."

Ezekiel 47:12
12 Fruit trees of all kinds will grow on both banks of the river. Their leaves will not wither, nor will their fruit fail. Every month they will bear, because the water from the sanctuary flows to them. Their fruit will serve for food and their leaves for healing."

Coptic Thomas 19:2

Jesus says: "Blessed is he who was, before he came into being. If you become disciples of mine (and) listen to my words, these stones will serve you. For you have five trees in Paradise that do not change during summer (and) winter, and their leaves do not fall. Whoever comes to know them will not taste death." © Patterson-Robinson
It's universally assumed Ezekiel gets his parable of the Second Temple from Genesis and the Garden of Eden, at least indirectly, why wouldn't it also be universally assumed Jesus got his version from Ezekiel? It's closer to Thomas than it is to Genesis. One reason is that Thomas says five trees, gives an actual number. The only number up until then is the two mentioned in Genesis. The rest of the Hebrew Bible gives no number. But by the time of Thomas, it seems everyone that mentions it had a list of trees by name, and it was usually around five, including, apparantly, John the Baptist...


Ezekiel, Q, and the Followers of John the Baptiser

In the famous Gnostic John the Baptizer by G.R.S. Mead, Chapter 1, he points out how John the Baptist, in Q, discusses stones and trees (just like Thomas 19), and that stones and trees are central to the Mandaeans, and points out Ezekiel 47 with it's spring of water and trees is where John the Baptiser got it and how it seems to match the Mandaean writings...

"Let us now turn to the first part of the short but powerful address of the Baptizer handed on by Mt. (3:7-10) and Lk. (3:7-9), a most interesting example of those stirring utterances or 'sayings' of his referred to by Josephus.

Ye out-births of vipers, who hath given you a glimpse of fleeing from the Wrath to come? Make fruit, therefore, worthy of (or sufficient for) your repentance. And think not (Lk. begin not) to say within (or among) yourselves: We have Abraham [for] father. For I say unto you that God is able of these stones (Aram. 'abenayya) to raise (or wake) up children (Aram. benayya) for Abraham. But even now the axe is laid unto the root of the trees: every tree, therefore, which beareth not good fruit, is hewn down and cast into the fire.

This graphic discourse, contained in Q, begins with the same terrible phrase 'generation' or 'out-births of vipers' which Jesus also uses on several occasions. It may possibly go back to Micah 7:17, where we read, referring to the heathen: "They shall lick the dust like serpents, like those creeping on the earth." And if 'licking the dust' can be taken in the sense of the allegorists of the time, who interpret it as eating excrement, a fate allotted to the serpent-shaped souls of the damned in Sheôl, it becomes all the more strikingly graphic. In vain do they think they will escape because they are of kinship with Abraham, or that God cannot repeat the wonder he once wrought, of raising up children out of the barren rock of their forefather. God is able to make a new Israel out of the very stones, just as he had of old hewn, like stones (Heb. 'abanîm), a line of sons (Heb. bânîm) from the once barren rock of Abraham, as Isaiah says (51:1-2): "Look unto the rock whence ye were hewn . . . look unto Abraham your father."

This for the 'stones'; but what of the 'trees'? There are other passages in the O.T. (e.g. Ps. 1:1, Jer. 17:5-8) which liken the man who delights in the Law and has faith in Yahveh to fruit-bearing trees; but the most arresting verse in this connection is to be found in the continuation of the same vision in Ezekiel (47:1-8) which so graphically depicted the Messianic Source...

The mystical application of this prophetical utterance to the righteous of Israel as the fruit-bearing trees of the longed-for days of the Messiah, would surely strike the imagination of so intuitive a mind as John's; it is indeed all of a piece with his general conception and expectation and fits in most deftly."

http://www.gnosis.org/library/grs-mead/gnostic_john_baptist/gjb-1.htm


Ezekiel, John the Baptiser and the Mustard Seed of Thomas 20

And that other theme from Ezekiel, the birds finding shelter in the great branch of the Universe/Kingdom, also fundamental to the Mandaean religion. It's the next saying in Thomas. The two big tree motifs in the Mandaean religion, accepted as a given, long before Thomas was discovered, and they are side by side in Thomas, buried in a sealed jar for 1600 years.

"The Tree is a common religous symbol in Mandaean books for Divine Life, and the souls of Mandaeans are not seldom represented as birds, taking refuge in the shelter of a Vine, or Tree, against the tempests of the world. Here, to translate the word "mandia" by "dwellings" or "Shelters" would make sense." The Mandaeans of Iran and Iraq, p. 11, E.S. Drower
http://www.farvardyn.com/mandaean2.php

A story in itself, for brevity we'll omit, but as deep as this one, and worth mentioning here.


Philo, John the Baptiser, Jesus, and the Five Trees of Paradise

By the time of Jesus, many centuries after Ezekiel, giving names to those Trees in Paradise, so honored through the centuries in Jewish/Samaritan writings, was apparantly common. And strangely enough, the number is almost always Five. Philo often mentions those Trees in Paradise, with names, in more than one place, and it's always listed as five, although one could argue six. DeConick lists five. A different list...

Philo, Noah's Work as a Planter IX
"We must therefore have recourse to allegory, which is a favourite with men capable of seeing through it; for the sacred oracles most evidently conduct us towards and instigate us to the pursuit of it. For they say that in the Paradise there were plants in no respect similar to those which exist among us; but they speak of trees of life, trees of immortality, trees of knowledge, of comprehension, of understanding; trees of the knowledge of good and evil. (37) Now these cannot have been trees of the land, but must indisputably have been plants of a rational soil, which was a road to travel along, leading to virtue, and having for its end life and immortality; and another road leading to vice, having for its end the loss of life and immortality, that is to say, death. Therefore, we must suppose that the bounteous God plants in the soul, as it were, a paradise of virtues and of the actions in accordance with them, which lead it to perfect happiness"

Philo's Five Trees in Paradise from Ezekiel, and an explicit parable like Ezekiel, with specific names for trees, from "sacred oracles"...
1. trees of life,
2. trees of immortality,
3. trees of knowledge,
4. of comprehension/understanding
5. trees of the knowledge of good and evil.

Another source, from the approximate time of Jesus, (apparantly), are the Mandaean followers of John the Baptist, demonstrated to be obsessed with those trees from Ezekiel, and the Stones and Trees of John the Baptiser in Q, and Thomas 19. They also have exactly five trees mentioned in their Canonical Prayer Book, the Ginza Rba. (See excerpts in the Appendix.)

The Mandaean Five Trees in Paradise...
1. Vine which is all life
2. The Great Tree which is All Healings
3. The Tree of Radiance
4. The First Great Palm Tree
5. The Great Tree Which is All Things

1, 2, and 3 match if radiance is enlightenment/knowledge, which it is to the Mandaeans and the Jesus of Thomas.

The Mandaeans have many drawings of those special Five Trees, among the other trees, who's leafs don't fade, by the side of Ezekiel's river, that are the key to eternal life. Here's one of them. The Tree of Radiance is easy to spot, using the Mandaean radiance motif. As is The First Great Palm Tree and Vine Which is All Things. The other two are a tough call. Perhaps the two to the left of the First Great Palm Tree.

Mandaean 5 trees

Yes, the Mandaean writings have been damaged over the centuries, being copied and re-copied, not sealed in a jar like Thomas, but it gives Thomas context.

Conclusions:

Stones and trees were associated with John the Baptist of Christianity and the Mandaeans by the experts before Thomas 19 was found in a jar, partly with the support of Q. Those trees in Paradise, who's leaves don't fade, and give eternal life, were also thought to come from Ezekiel, who got it from Jewish/Hebrew tradition, starting in Genesis 2. And unbroken chain from Genesis 2, through Ezekiel, to John the Baptist and the Mandaeans, who list Five Trees in Paradise. Why is it surprising that Jesus would mention those five trees, since at one time, according to the Christians and Mandaean, at one time he was a Mandaean too.

Thomas 19 joins the growing list of sayings in Thomas paralleled in the Mandaean literature. An inconvenient truth is, despite the curt dismissal of the Jesus Seminar of it being "Gnostic", is that there are no clear parallels to the second century Gnostics, like there are to the Christians and Mandaeans. None. The five trees only shows up in the third century, and could have gotten it from Jesus, the Mandaeans, Philo or a host of other sources.

It seems the historical Jesus of the Gospel of Thomas was influenced by John the Baptist and the Christians edited most of it out, for obvious reasons. Such as the competition with followers of John the Baptist, and more fundamentally, not their dogma. Perhaps those gaps in Thomas, with no clear Synoptic parallels, are, to a large extent, the John the Baptist part.

So, how can this be? Why haven't Biblical scholars noticed? Perhaps because they can't read it. You can't publish about something you can't read...

"A few European scholars have studied Mandaeism during the past few hundred years. Today, almost nobody does. Apart from the works of the English Lady Ethel S. Drower (1879-1972), the primary field worker among the Mandaeans in Iraq (and still fondly remembered by many older Mandaeans), most of the scholarship is in the German language. Many Mandaean texts still remain to be translated, and some are unknown to the West." The Mandaeans: An Unknown Religious Minority in the Near East, By Jorunn Jacobsen Buckley
http://www.ineas.org/articles/vol1Issue1.htm

There haven't been any recent translations of any Mandaean literature. No one is qualified. And it's far from clear anyone ever was. Considering Mandaean hostility to Jesus for blabbing their secrets, and never ever under any circumstances whatsoever accepting converts, not like they are eager to help. Plenty of professional well educated Mandaeans, and none have translated anything. It's far from clear the few translations of the few documents we know of, almost all purchased before the Mandaeans knew what we were up to, were translated correctly at all or nearly complete. And, due to the persecutions over the centuries, particularly the last few centuries, the Mandaean priesthood, with all the knowledge has been decimated.

Particularly condemning is how the next saying in Thomas, is also fundamental to the Mandaeans, and also from Ezekiel, and also about those Trees in Paradise, and it's universally condisered as likely to be genuine as anything reported to be said by Jesus. Voted Red by the Jesus Seminar. And what's the difference? Both are in the Hebrew Bible, in Ezekiel. Could the difference be that Thomas 20 is in the Christian Bible and Thomas 19 isn't?

Not that all kinds of corruptions hasn't been introduced into even the oldest Mandaean writings like the Ginza Rba over two thousand years. Not that the Jesus of the Gospel of Thomas agreed 100% with John the Baptist anyway. But it gives context to most of the obscure non-Christian sayings in Thomas, and demonstrates a common source for Thomas 19's Five Trees, John the Baptist, 2000 years ago, (who got it from Ezekiel 12 and Genesis 2), not some second century Gnostics.


Appendix (Mandaean Ginza Rba, Trees in Paradise excerpts):

In a building which life buildeth,
good trees flourish.
fragrant is the perfume of the trees
with the perfume of manda-d-hiia
which pervadeth them.

Except for six or seven nations,
Fruit is set up on the Tree
On the Tree fruit is set up
And (other) trees gather together toward it.

Toward it do the trees assemble,
And a throne is set up for the Lord of Radiance
For the Lord of Radiance a throne is set up
And the Lord of Radiance sitteth thereon.
-
To what shall they dedicate the wreath upon their heads and upon what shall they hang it? They dedicate it to the Tree of Radiance and hang it (thereon).

and the Vine which is all Life and the great Tree which is all healings

the name of the great First Palmtree be pronounced on thee

the guardian 'uthras of the jordan will curse him and the Wellspring and Palmtree will curse him.

Thou art the father of all the 'uthras, the Support which is all light, the Vine which is all Life and the great Tree which is all things.

Praised be that great first Jordan in which the First Life was baptised. Praised be all jordans of living water: praised be the fruits, grapes and trees which stand by them.

Well is it for him Who hath looked on that Tree! Bihram , who saw it, lived, shone, was cured and established And his name hath not died.

Praised be the First Great Radiance and praised the Great First Light! Praised be the Wellspring and the great first Palm-Tree Praised be the mystic Tan(n)a which dwelleth in the great mystic First Wellspring. Praised be the great S'is'lam who sitteth on the bank of the Wellspring and Palm-tree; and the Vine which is all Life and the great Tree which is all healings.

The name of the great mystic Wellspring is pronounced upon thee. The name of the great mystic First Palmtree is pronounced upon thee.

And the strength of Light increased greatly, Was increased and established. A wreath they twisted into crowns (Of) myrtle leaves. And trees bore their burden (fruit)

http://www.gnosis.org/library/ginzarba.htm

Coptic Thomas 1
These are the hidden words that the living Jesus spoke. And Didymos Judas Thomas wrote them down. And he said: "Whoever finds the meaning of these words will not taste death." © Patterson-Robinson
Greek P.Oxy 654.1-5
These are the [hidden] sayings [that] the living Jesus [sp]oke a[nd Judas who] is also Thomas [recorded.] And he said, "[Whoever finds the interpretat]ion of the[se] sayings will not taste [death]."© Andrew E. Bernhart 2000
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